Key West Agreement Of 1948

The Key West Agreement is a revised version of a collection of documents approved by President Harry S. Truman and the more popular version. First, Secretary Forrestal Gen Omar N. Bradley, shortly after he became Chief of The Army Staff in February 1948, announced that the large aircraft carrier had already been approved and was under construction. However, Secretary Forrestal concluded that it was time to decide on the core tasks and missions of aviation in each service and to determine which sector would control which assets. On March 11, 1948, he assembled the Joint Chiefs of Staff in Key West, Florida, to unwind roles and missions. Forrestal requested that each of the three services recognize the need for mutual assistance from each other`s legal tasks. The agreement collapsed: the air force would carry out air and air combat, but it also promised to support the nearby army. The Navy and Marine Corps are expected to conduct naval combat, including amphibious attacks. The army was mandated to fight ashore. What was interesting was that the army also authorized “such air and water transports” that were organic to support combat units. The important Western agreement of 1948 was therefore essential to keep the roles and missions of naval aviation under the control of the navy. The Key West Agreement gave the Navy written confirmation that it controlled all aspects of its air force, roles and missions, research and development, and use in combat.

Although historians have often cited the passage of the National Security Act and the revolt of admirals as key points to save naval aviation, the agreement was equally important in preventing naval land and air aviation from being incorporated into the United States Air Force. Without the Key West agreement, naval aviation would have developed under the control of the Air Force during the Cold War years. [8] The terms of the Key West Agreement were considered a great victory for the Navy. The Navy of the Key West Conference prevented the Air Force from controlling the roles and missions of naval aviation. [8] The document plan was agreed upon at a meeting of U.S. department heads held March 11-14, 1948 in Key West, Florida, and completed after subsequent meetings in Washington, D.C.